snlinverter(v_dc, p_dc, inverter)¶
Converts DC power and voltage to AC power using Sandia’s Grid-Connected PV Inverter model.
Determines the AC power output of an inverter given the DC voltage, DC power, and appropriate Sandia Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Inverter Model parameters. The output, ac_power, is clipped at the maximum power output, and gives a negative power during low-input power conditions, but does NOT account for maximum power point tracking voltage windows nor maximum current or voltage limits on the inverter.
v_dc (numeric) – DC voltages, in volts, which are provided as input to the inverter. Vdc must be >= 0.
p_dc (numeric) – A scalar or DataFrame of DC powers, in watts, which are provided as input to the inverter. Pdc must be >= 0.
inverter (dict-like) – A dict-like object defining the inverter to be used, giving the inverter performance parameters according to the Sandia Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Inverter Model (SAND 2007-5036) . A set of inverter performance parameters are provided with pvlib, or may be generated from a System Advisor Model (SAM)  library using retrievesam. See Notes for required keys.
ac_power (numeric) – Modeled AC power output given the input DC voltage, Vdc, and input DC power, Pdc. When ac_power would be greater than Pac0, it is set to Pac0 to represent inverter “clipping”. When ac_power would be less than Ps0 (startup power required), then ac_power is set to -1*abs(Pnt) to represent nightly power losses. ac_power is not adjusted for maximum power point tracking (MPPT) voltage windows or maximum current limits of the inverter.
Required inverter keys are:
AC-power output from inverter based on input power and voltage (W)
DC-power input to inverter, typically assumed to be equal to the PV array maximum power (W)
DC-voltage level at which the AC-power rating is achieved at the reference operating condition (V)
DC-power required to start the inversion process, or self-consumption by inverter, strongly influences inverter efficiency at low power levels (W)
Parameter defining the curvature (parabolic) of the relationship between ac-power and dc-power at the reference operating condition, default value of zero gives a linear relationship (1/W)
Empirical coefficient allowing Pdco to vary linearly with dc-voltage input, default value is zero (1/V)
Empirical coefficient allowing Pso to vary linearly with dc-voltage input, default value is zero (1/V)
Empirical coefficient allowing Co to vary linearly with dc-voltage input, default value is zero (1/V)
AC-power consumed by inverter at night (night tare) to maintain circuitry required to sense PV array voltage (W)
 SAND2007-5036, “Performance Model for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Inverters by D. King, S. Gonzalez, G. Galbraith, W. Boyson
 System Advisor Model web page. https://sam.nrel.gov.